Mga Litrato Mula sa ‘Great Eruption’ Ng Taal Noong 1911, Kumakalat sa Internet


Photos of Taal Volcano’s ‘Great Eruption in 1911 Emerge on the Internet: The eruption claimed the lives of a staggering 1,335 lives and injured 199.

Batangas is now under a state of calamity following Taal Volcano’s Eruption yesterday. Residents in three neighboring towns were evacuated in fear that the eruption might worsen and bring forth a larger scale of calamity in the coming days. Face masks are already out of stock, as a large cloud of ash cover the entirety of Batangas and other nearby areas. Batangas Vice Governor  Mark Leviste said the provincial council approved the declaration that would allow the local government to tap emergency funds  and freeze prices of basic goods.

Distant view of Taal Volcano from the southwest: Bombon Lake, sometimes called Taal Lake, in the foreground.

A peaceful neighbor of Mount Taal, Binintiang Malaqui. This crater, at the extreme northwestern extremity of Volcano Island, “burst forth with a tremendous display of thunder and lightning” in 1707, but it has been quiet ever since.

For 54 years, Taal has been silent and the favorite destination of many tourists and locals alike. After the majestic Mayon  Volcano, Taal Volcano has brought in a lot of tourism and commerce, making Batangas one of the best provinces to visit when  in the Philippines. However silent Taal has been in the past decades, its history of eruption caused so much damage and  many deaths. The most notable eruptions were in 1754 and 1911.

The zigzag path leading into the main crater of Taal Volcano.

Taal Volcano from Bombon Lake the day before the great eruption. After taking this photograph, notwithstanding the fury of elements depicted in the illustration, Mr. Martin proceeded to the brink of the volcano to photograph it at close range.

On the 27th night January of 1911, the seismographs at the Manila Observatory commenced to register frequent disturbances, which  increased rapidly in frequency and intensity. The total recorded shocks on that day numbered 26. During the 28th there were  recorded 217 distinct shocks, of which 135 were microseismic, while ten were quite severe. It was definitely a major eruption, which claimed the lives of a staggering 1,335 lives and injured 199.

Death and destruction. Scene on Volcano Island, January 31, 1911, the day after the great eruption.

The remnants of the village of Subic, in the zone of partial destruction. The chief damage in this village was caused by a great wave which swept inland from Bombon Lake.

Except for the elders in Batangas, not many people know about the eruption, thinking that the said volcano has been silent all these years. Ten years after the eruption, no changes in the general outline of the island could be discerned at a distance. On the island, however, many changes were noted. The vegetation had increased; great stretches that were formerly barren and covered with white ashes and cinders became covered with vegetation. Check the 1911 photos captured by the National Geographic magazine below:



Ruins at Bosoboso.

Grave in which were buried 131 victims of the eruption. Note how the trees have been devastated.

Part of the Volcano Island submerged during the eruption.

Some of the dead in the village of Bignay, smothered as they slept and buried in the ruins of their fallen houses.

Site of the village of Pirapiraso, on Volcano Island, in the zone of complete destruction. Not a living thing escaped in this village. It was devastated by a blast from the volcano, and its ruins were then swept into the lake by the receding of a wave which was caused by the blast or by seismic action.

The earthquakes which occurred during the eruption cracked the ground as far away as Lemery, where this photograph was taken.

Caysasay Church, in the town of Taal, showing damage caused by earthquakes during the recent eruption.

Sources BatangasHistory
References “The National Geographic Magazine: an Illustrated Monthly, Volume 23,” published 1912 in the United States of America.

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